Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. Lesser galangal, or Alpinia officinarum, is most commonly used. A fairly well-known and widely used spice, mainly employed as a flavouring in foods and as a medicinal plant. Alpinia species show promise as anti-fungals, hypotensives, enhancers of sperm count and motility. Overview Information. Many species of the genus Alpinia provide a variety of medicinal properties, such as, Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Abstract. Originally from Southeast Asia, lesser galangal (alpinia officinarum) has a reddish appearance with roots that resemble long slender fingers. Alpinia officinarum, known as lesser galangal, is a plant in the ginger family, cultivated in Southeast Asia.It originated in China, where its name ultimately derives. The Greater Galangal is a native of Java (A. Galanga or Maranta Galanga), and is much larger, of an orange-brown colour, with a feebler taste and odour. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. Similar to ginger the roots of this plant grow beneath the ground. It tones up the tissues and is sometimes prescribed in fever. Galangal Root C/S. Alpinia officinarum is a rhizomatous herbaceous species of smaller size than the largest variety, which can rarely reach a meter in height. It is published Semi-annual, serves the need of different scientists and others involved in medicinal plant research and development. 6 Top Health Benefits & Medicinal Uses Of Galangal: 1. The paper critically reviewed the ethno-medicinal uses, pharmacology, and phytochemistry of A. officinarum. Alpinia Galanga Medicinal Uses. Alpinia officinarum, known as lesser galangal, is a plant in the ginger family, cultivated in Southeast Asia.It originated in China, where its name ultimately derives. Vanda roxburghii and Alpinia galanga is also taken as ‘Rasna’ in Bengal and South India respectively. People use Alpinia for fevers, muscle spasms, intestinal gas, bacterial infections, and swelling (inflammation), but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.. Galangal (Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. Each issue covers different reviews on related topics of natural product drug discovery, Biotechnology, Marine Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Plants. It is a bitter herb that is used to promote digestion and stimulate appetite and production of digestive fluids. This plant is called Sitharathai | Chitharathai in Tamil, Lesser Galangal in English and Kulanjan in Hindi. Botanical Name: Alpinia officinarum. Pharmacological studies over the years have demonstrated remarkable bioactivities that could be further explored for development of new therapeutic agents against various … The name of Alpinia officinarum was given to the herb, as the source of Lesser Galangal. 5 Top Medicinal Uses Of Sitharathai | Kulanjan | Chitharathai | Alpinia Officinarum | Lesser Galangal - Wildturmeric. A review on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Alpinia officinarum Hance. The scientific results have provided evidence to support the traditional uses of Chitarathai (A. officinarum) in the treatments of various diseases, as well as to offer new therapeutic possibilities, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antimicrobial activities. Sitharathai extract has anti microbial and antioxidant properties, you can read the stud y that proves th e uses here. Abubakar IB(1), Malami I(2), Yahaya Y(3), Sule SM(4). Alpinia Officinarum loves the humid tropical areas where it … The rhizome has an orange-brown color with a red-brown interior, of fibrous consistency, smaller than the major variety (2 cm) but always streaked. Galangal For Cough: To use galangal for cough, take a small piece of lesser galangal and pound it in a mortar and pestle with palm candy till coarsely pounded. The medical applications of galangal are in many ways the same as its close relative ginger. Anti-tumor and anti-dementia effects have been observed It … Soc., Bot. Alpinia officinarum Hance is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Alpinia (family Zingiberaceae ). Rasna – Pluchea lanceolata is a herb mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of pain, indigestion, gout, cough and general debility. Sitharathai’s botanical name is Alpinia Officinarum. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water extracts on reproductive competence and pain relief in rats. Certified Organic - India. Hydro alcoholic extract by hot and cold maceration and methanol extract by percolation process Qualitative phytochemical analysis of extract of Alpinia officinarum rhizome showed a majority of the compound including tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids and saponins. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. This plant has been utilized as a culinary spice as well as a medicinal plant for many centuries. Author information: (1)Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, PMB 1144 Aliero, Nigeria. 2. Latin name-Pluchea lanceolata C.B ClarkeFamily- … The list of medicinal uses of lesser galangal is quite long and very impressive. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Alpinia officinarum Hance is a perennial plant that has been traditionally used for many decades to treat several ailments including inflammation, pain, stomach-ache, cold, amongst others. The herb is therefore used to treat anorexia, indigestion (dyspepsia), colic and stomach ache. The rhizomes are very commonly used and are said to be indispensable in everyday cooking throughout South Asia and South-East Asia, The plant has long been cultivated in tropical regions, especially southern Asia, and it is also sometimes harvested from the wild or from semi … 13: 6 1873 . Lesser galangal is native to … The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. Alpinia Galanga rhizome is used against rheumatism, bronchial catarrh, bad breath and ulcers whooping colds in children, throat infections, to control incontinence and fever. Alpinia galanga (family Zingiberaceae) is commonly known as galangal and has been used for its emmenagogue, aphrodisia … Traditional medicine systems consist of large numbers of plants with medicinal and pharmacological importance and hence represent an … It is especially useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, vomiting and sickness at stomach, being recommended as a remedy for seasickness as recommended by Indian Ayurveda. When Urtica dioica is combined with Thymus vulgaris (common thyme), Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice), Vitis vinifera (c ommon grape vine) and Alpinia officinarum (lesser galangal), the mixture of herbs has been traditionally known to work as an Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS). It is occasionally seen at … A. galangal, Laguas officianium) A hardy, perennial root spice to 1-2 metres tall with long stems and leaves (6cm wide) which shoot directly from the roots called rhizomes. Here are the medicinal uses of Sitharathai | Kulanjan:1. As such, our focus is on lesser galangal, which Hildegard included as one of her primary medicinal plants. Boil a cup of water and add the pounded mixture and boil till … Alpinia is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in foods.. Alpinia is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth for medicinal uses and when applied to the skin in a specific product also containing licorice, thyme, stinging nettle, and common grape vine (Ankaferd blood stopper).. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not … “Galangal” refers to any one of four plant species in the Zingiberaceae family: Alpinia galanga (greater galangal), Alpinia officinarum (lesser galangal), Kaempferia galanga (kencur, black galangal or sand ginger) or Boesenbergia rotunda (Chinese ginger or fingerroot). This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … Stimulant and carminative. Bioasay-guided fractionation of the antiemetic constituents of Alpinia officinarum was performed, and eight compounds (1−8) including a new compound were isolated. It can grow 1.5 to 2 m high, [1] with long leaves and reddish-white flowers. Alpinia officinarum. Alpinia officinarum is a rhizome belonging to the family zingeberaeceae. Also Known As - Alpinia officinarum, Alpinia galangal, galanga, lesser galangal, Chinese ginger, Chewing John, and Little John. Lesser Galangal also called Laos, Languas, China Root, India Root, Colic Root, East India Catarrh Root, Petit Galanga, Aromatic Ginger, Greater Ginger (Alpinia officinarum syn. Screening of medicinal plant extracts for antioxidant activity. It is mainly found in South-East Asia. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 218941 ) with original publication details: J. Linn. Methods Keywords including A. officinarum and its synonyms were searched using electronic databases including ISI web of knowledge, Science direct, Scopus, PubMed, Google scholar and relevant database for Masters and Doctoral theses. Overview - The galangal herb is a member of the ginger family and belongs to the genus Alpinia. alpinia galanga: medicinal benefits and uses of alpinia galanga: spicy java chicken recipe GALINGAL(E), KHOLINJAN, KULANJAN, ALPINIA GALANGA, A. OFFICINARUM Although you may not have heard of this particular plant the rhizome was very popular in … It is a type of perennial and has the ability to grow up to 3 meters. It can grow 1.5 to 2 m high, with long leaves and reddish-white flowers. 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