post Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. to exist in the county by VT. Roadsides, forest fragments, abandoned homesteads, riparian forests, areas of habitation. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Practical info. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. close. All images and text © Leaf / Flower color - Green / --Plant growth rate - Medium The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Additional Common Names. Tree Characteristics. Minden Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising professionals. Facts. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Where is it originally from? Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-SA, from University of Vienna, Institute for Botany - Herbarium WU, Euonymus europaea - image is under CC-BY-NC, from Tamara Horová. The pods, red and generally four-chambered, appear in autumn. is shown on the map. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The leaves very from oval to lance-shaped, with a finely toothed margin and a pointed tip. Euonymus japonicus. acta hortic. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Severe cases can include unconsciousness and kidney failure. The Go Botany project is supported Native to Europe. Basic information: RI, Take a photo and They have upturned dark green stalked leaves with serrated edges. Show Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Distinguishing marks: Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. 30 pods are a fatal dose for an adult. This European Spindletree is an upright large shrub or small tree is native to Europe and western Asia. European spindle trees typically have no significant disease or insect problems but can contract anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot, mildew, twig blight, and scale. Fruit 550, 125-128 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.550.17 Up for sale European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus 10 Seeds. Maximum height - 6 m It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. And also as European spindle and common spindle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Celastraceae, native to Spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle tree on a maple leaf … For details, please check with your state. These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. EUROPEAN SPINDLE TREE, EUROPEAN EUONYMUS. unintentionally); has become naturalized. 2020 Symptoms are nausea, dizziness, strong stomach pains, vomiting and diarrhea. ...cream made with spindle extract provides effective protection against ticks. The small greenish-white flowers are borne in June in loose cluster in the leaf axils. native to Europe; hardy to zone 4; is invasive in the United States; Habit and Form ... Summer Foliage. All rights reserved. Type of poison - glycosides. european spindle tree and common privet a new natural hosts of plum pox virus. Discover thousands of New England plants. Copyright: various copyright holders. From a shining blue-mid-green (paler on the under-side) they fade in autumn to yellow, russet and crimson. ...due to their glycoside content, oil extracted from spindle seeds was used as an agent to induce vomiting? Go to list of cultivars. Small Palm Tree Facts. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Has fragrant Leaf. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. Distinguishing marks: Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a … European Spindle Tree (Euonymus Europaeus) 25 seeds (#208). Found this plant? Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. European Euonymus, Common Spindle Tree Celastraceae. (intentionally or to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. Height: 20 feet. A deciduous shrub or small tree from 10 to 25 ft high, forming a spreading, bushy head, often naked towards the ground, not downy in any part. Hairless, evergreen shrub or small tree (<7 m tall) with much branched stems. Basic information: Division: - angiosperms (Magnoliophyta) Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) Maximum height - 6 m Distribution - Europe Type of poison - glycosides. Rounded or Spreading Shape. It was especially effective against lice. The tallest types of small palms such as spindle palm may reach 20 feet (6 m). The smallest type of outdoor palms like dwarf palmetto may only reach about 3 feet (1 m) tall. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The rounded form of spindletree is lacklustre until autumn when its pink to red fruits split open to show the orange-covered white seeds and its glossy foliage changes to tones of yellow or red. NH, Much-branched, deciduous shrub or small tree (<6m tall) with smooth, grey bark and young branches that are square, green and smooth. Leaves • Opposite, oval-shaped • Finely toothed leaf margins • Dull green • 1 - 3” long • Red autumn foliage. The plant blooms in May-June, with small yellow-green flowers nestled in the leaves. Spindle tree Botanical Name. Also covers Distribution - Europe While a 20-foot palm tree seems very tall, they are small in comparison to large types of palm trees that grow up to 100 feet (30 m). Spindles are robust shrubs, even small trees, reaching a height of up to 6 meters. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, shrublands or thickets. Widely adapted plant. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and plant species in New York City and Washington, DC. populations both exist in a county, only native status Industrious, delicate, colourful. you. Marcus Webb/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) close-up of leaf, growing in woodland, Vicarage Plantation, Mendlesham, Suffolk, England, September / 80165627 Note: when native and non-native Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. in part by the National Science Foundation. Flowers • Inconspicuous, 0.5” wide • Yellow-green • 4 petal-like parts • Blooms May - June. in 20 years). Japan, China and Korea. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. Euonymus europaeus. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Habitat. What does it look like? Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. ...spindle seeds contain an oil that was used in poultices for treating skin ailments cause by parasites, ? The tree can be found throughout woodland areas, and is quite beautiful. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. Its dull dark green leaves get to about 3.5 inches long by a little over 1 inch wide and is early to leaf out in spring. Utility friendly tree. Chromolithograph from Carl Lindman's 'Bilder ur Nordens Flora' (Pictures of Northern Flora), Stockholm, Wahlström & Widstrand, 1905. It … The poison includes several glycosides: evobioside, evomonoside, evonoside. Buy spindle tree Euonymus europaeus Red Cascade - Fantastic autumn colour and gorgeous berries: 2 litre pot: £19.99 Delivery by Crocus ... A large deciduous shrub, a native of European hedgerows, from which the wood was traditionally used for making spindles. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Expand. Can you please help us? County documented: documented Your help is appreciated. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Euonymus europaeus - Spindle Tree. ...the flexible wood was used to make canes? Euonymus europaeus Lindman (1856-1928) was Professor of Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet). State documented: documented We depend on L. E. European spindle-tree. Japanese laurel . Common name(s): Spindle – European or Common, Spindle Tree Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Celastraceae Origin: Europe to Turkey, Caucasus More infos: USDA zone 4. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. European spindle tree, common spindle. Class - eudicots (Rosopsida) It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Euonymus europaeus. The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. Euonymus / j uː ˈ ɒ n ɪ m ə s / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus.It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen … state. Poisonings have even been recorded in carpenters working with spindle wood. The growth form is often that of a small tree, or less often a shrub. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea. Shrub/Tree, broadleaf deciduous, broad spreading Height : 1.22m to 2.39m included Origin : Worldwide Environment : forest edges, on deep fertile soil Climate : temperate Notes : The Euonymus genus features several species that grow worldwide, although in most part in the temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. Japanese spindle tree Botanical Name. 3.  Family: Celastraceae. The leaves of Euonymus europaeaare simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. the state. Europe. It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. Images of the European Spindletree (Euonymus europaeus), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. Family. Has Deciduous foliage. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Where is it originally from? The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species). 550, 125-128 Acta Hortic. The fall color is usually just yellow-green to dull yellow, but some can get … Family. • Deciduous shrub or small tree, 12’ - 30’ tall • Greenish-red twigs, gray-brown older bark. Cases of poisoning occur often in children, after ingesting the bright red pods. a sighting. All Characteristics, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the base of the leaf blade is attenuate (tapering very gradually to a prolonged tip), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow. CT, MA, ME, Initial symptoms appear 12-18 hours after ingestion, and if not treated, end in circulatory failure. Problem with scale insects. Celastraceae (spindle tree) Also known as. What does it look like? European Spindle ( Euonymus sp. ) Non-native: introduced To reuse an European spindle - Euonymus europaea. ...charcoal from spindle wood is used in manufacturing painting supplies and gunpowder? The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). - Minden Pictures - (euonymus or euonymu) and (europaeus or europaeu) Euonymus europaeus L. 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